When should I start antenatal care?

Antenatal care, also known as prenatal care, is a critical aspect of a healthy pregnancy. It involves regular check-ups and medical care to ensure the well-being of both the expectant mother and the developing baby. In this article, we will explore when to start antenatal care and the significance of early initiation.

When to Start Antenatal Care

Antenatal care typically begins early in pregnancy and involves a series of scheduled visits with healthcare providers.

The First Trimester

Ideally, antenatal care should commence as soon as you suspect you're pregnant or as soon as you receive confirmation of pregnancy. This often means starting antenatal care during the first trimester, ideally before 10 to 12 weeks of gestation. Early care is essential for establishing a strong foundation for a healthy pregnancy.

The Second Trimester

If you haven't initiated antenatal care during the first trimester, it's never too late to start. Beginning antenatal care in the second trimester, which typically starts around 13 to 27 weeks, is still valuable in monitoring your pregnancy and addressing any health concerns.

The Third Trimester

While it's best to start antenatal care early, commencing care in the third trimester, which begins around 28 weeks, is better than not seeking care at all. Late care can still provide essential monitoring and support as your due date approaches.

The Initial Visit

What to Expect

Your first antenatal visit is a crucial one. During this visit, you can expect to discuss your medical history, pregnancy plans, and any pre-existing health conditions. Your healthcare provider will explain the schedule for future visits and tests.

Medical History and Tests

Your healthcare provider will ask questions about your medical history, previous pregnancies, lifestyle, and any family history of medical conditions. You may also undergo blood tests and ultrasounds to assess your overall health and the health of the developing baby.

The Importance of Early Care

Early Detection and Prevention

Starting antenatal care early is essential for the early detection and prevention of potential issues that could affect the pregnancy. This includes identifying and managing health conditions that may require attention.

Monitoring Your Pregnancy

Antenatal care allows healthcare providers to monitor the progress of your pregnancy, assess the growth and development of the baby, and provide you with valuable guidance on prenatal nutrition, exercise, and overall well-being.


In conclusion, the timing of starting antenatal care is a critical factor in ensuring a healthy pregnancy. The ideal time to begin is during the first trimester, but if you haven't, it's still valuable to initiate care in the second or even third trimester. Early care allows for early detection and prevention of potential issues, ensuring the best possible outcome for both the expectant mother and the baby.